Specialties > Endocrinology

Endocrinology

Endocrinology

The endocrinologist is the specialist who studies diseases that affect the glands that produce hormones and produce.

  • Hypothalamus 
  • Pituitary 
  • Thyroid
  • Parathyroid
  • Adrenal
  • Ovaries and testes

The endocrinologist also comes with pathologists metabolism:

  • Diabetes
  • Dyslipidemia (cholesterol and / or triglycerides
  • Obesity 
  • High uric acid 
  • Osteoporosis

 

The studies also Endrocrinologia thyroid nodule is any abnormal growth of thyroid cells forming a tumor in the thyroid. Although the vast majority of thyroid nodules are benign always recommend a detailed clinical evaluation by an endocrinologist to rule out a potential thyroid cancer.

All nodes containing cancer is discovered or suspected that might be cancerous they should be surgically removed. Any thyroid nodule that is not removed will be observed in detail, with clinical examination and / or ultrasound of the nodule every 6 to 12 months.

In our practice we value the overall thyroid nodule performing physical examination, ultrasound and fine needle biopsy
( PAAF ) On the other hand, the metabolic syndrome is a group of metabolic risk factors. When a patient presents these risk factors, the chances of future cardiovascular problems are bigger than any factor when presented in isolation. For example, high blood pressure is a serious condition only, but when a patient has high blood pressure, along with elevated levels of fasting glucose and abdominal obesity, the patient can be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome.

Metabolic syndrome is a serious illness that affects about 35 percent of adults and places them at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke and diseases associated with fat accumulation in arterial walls. The underlying causes of metabolic syndrome are obesity, overweight, physical inactivity and genetic factors that favor the occurrence of insulin resistance.

What do we offer?

Monitoring of diabetic patients with chronic disabling the corresponding. Control with thyroid ultrasound (with or without thyroid puncture) and analytical. Weight control through balanced diets customized to our endocrine dietitian. Study of gestational diabetes in pregnant

FAQ

Most thyroid nodules do not cause any symptoms. Some patients with thyroid nodules may complain of pain in the neck, jaw or ear, difficulty swallowing, "a tickle in the throat" or difficulty breathing. A thyroid nodule could also be associated with elevated production of thyroid hormone, a condition called "hyperthyroidism".

His endocrinologist touch to see if your thyroid gland is enlarged all the size, if there is a single node, or if you have many packages. Prompted a blood test to measure the amount of thyroid hormone (thyroxine or T4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in the blood to see if your thyroid gland is functioning normally. After you perform a scan to determine the characteristics of the nodule and its size. His endocrinologist may also decide to perform a fine needle to remove the nodule cells are then examined by a pathologist under a microscope. If hyperthyroidism could also be apropriado perform a thyroid scan.

Metabolic syndrome occurs when a person has three or more of the following characteristics:
- Abdominal obesity
- Triglycerides of 150 milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg / dL) or greater
- HDL cholesterol less than 40 mg / dL in men or less than 50 mg / dl in women
- Systolic blood pressure (top number) of 130 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) or greater
- The diastolic blood pressure (the bottom number) of 85 mm Hg or greater
- Fasting glucose 100 mg / dl or more
- Insulin resistance or glucose intolerance (the body can not properly use insulin or blood sugar)

Although metabolic syndrome is a serious disease, may reduce your risk significantly lowering their weight, increasing physical activity and following a healthy diet for the heart that is rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and fish. It is recommended to monitor blood pressure and glucose levels and blood cholesterol under medical supervision.
In our practice, we treat all factors associated with metabolic syndrome, supporting the shift towards a healthy lifestyle factors and correcting altered (sugar, cholesterol, triglycerides, uric acid and overweight).


The information on the web if not complement not replace the doctor-patient relationship. If in doubt consult with the referring physician.