Specialties > Ophthalmology > Pediatric ophthalmology

Ophthalmology

Pediatric ophthalmology

What is pediatric ophthalmology?

It is a subspecialty within ophthalmology dedicated to treating eye problems of children.

It is never too early to explore a child, even a baby can be explored if necessary. Ocular examination postponed until the child is big, it is incorrect and can be very serious. When more than one previously diagnosed eye problem before you can treat and the prognosis is much better.

How can you detect that a child does not see well?

  • If you zoom when reading the text too
  • It has frequently legañas
  • Morning eyes glued
  • It has red eyes
  • You cry your eyes
  • Rubs his eyes constantly
  • Squint to look
  • The grave sideways to read
  • The sun bothers or not well suited to the dark
  • School performance is low
  • Easily distracted

In any of these cases it is advisable to visit a pediatric ophthalmologist to prevent visual defects.

It is important to explore the premature infants and children who have family members or refractive vision problems.

The sooner you diagnose an eye problem before you can treat.

Yes. Your child may inherit his nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism, especially if both the father and mother suffering from refractive problems, which is why we recommend annual review at any age.

If need corrective optics lifetime, but every age there is a solution, ie, in childhood must wear glasses but in adolescence and adulthood can lead to lenses that are large enough to decided to have surgery to correct the visual defect.

Not. Corrected with optical media, glasses, contact lenses or contact lenses or laser surgery adulthood.

Generally reviewing visual acuity advised around 3-4 years since the recognition ability of the child and collaboration are necessary for a proper assessment. Before this age are pediatricians who performed eye evaluation. If your pediatrician or parents themselves are some attention-grabbing anomlía, the child will be derived to a specialist ophthalmologist, who will handle specific visual examination for detection of these anomalies and implement early treatment so that they do not interfere desenvolpumant in normal vision, especially in the early years of the child.

In newborns are several factors that should alert as premature delivery, visual pathologies parents, incidents during envaràs infections in pregnancy, falling eyelids, some deviation of the eyes, tears continued.

At school age, good communication with teachers is vital to know if the role is very close, squinting to watch, often removes the view of the paper, rubbed her eyes wide, falls head reading has eyes red and swollen, owls have continuous headaches, nausea or mareigos, poor coordinacoó motor tendency to turn his head, poor school performance, problems with literacy and decline or lack of attention.

Given these situations qualsaevol or other abnormalities should consult your ophthalmologist specializing in pediatrics.


The information on the web if not complement not replace the doctor-patient relationship. If in doubt consult with the referring physician.