Specialties > Ophthalmology > Presbyopia



Farsightedness (presbyopia)

What is farsightedness (presbyopia)? 

It is a disorder known as "presbyopia" and manifests as a progressive decrease in near vision that occurs physiologically in all individuals from 40-45 years.

This physiological problem is loss approach closely by the crystalline lens inside the eye transparent located behind the pupil.

Normally when you look away the lens is flat and when you change the look closely, the crystal is pumped to change approach. This mechanism is regulated by a muscle called the ciliary muscle.

Why do I see?

As a consequence of aging:

  • The ciliary muscle loses elasticity and strength
  • The crystalline lens loses elasticity
  • Because of this, the eye loses ability to focus on objects up close.
  • Initially the person begins to move away reading, looking away an ideal approach or looking for well-lit areas.

Who is affected?

The onset of presbyopia is inevitable. It begins to show between 40-45 years of age and reaches almost 100% of the population over 50 years.

Affects both myopic and hyperopic astigmatic like. The latter must use two different optical compensation, one for distant vision and the other for the next.

Other factors that accentuate presbyopia are:

  • Diabetes
  • Anemia
  • Certain medications


  • The main symptom is the difficulty to focus on nearby objects
  • It tends to increase the distance between the object and the eyes, the characteristic sign Presbyterian (extend arms to read)
  • Search areas illuminated by the practice of near work
  • They may also have symptoms such as headache, heaviness in the eyes, itching and red eye

How can you fix?

The usual correction of presbyopia so far made by glasses or two glasses, one for distance and one for near bifocal or multifocal glasses or by or with the use of contact lenses mulifocals.

Today can be corrected permanently by surgery.

Surgery farsightedness (presbyopia)

The surgery will allow the majority of caosos see both near and far without using glasses.

Today there are several surgical options for correction of presbyopia:

  • Surgery intraocular lens implantation pseudoafàquiques bifocal, multifocal or accommodative.
  • You can also correct presbyopia using new laser surgical techniques.

The type of surgery depends on each particular patient.

That is why we offer a Free Surgery informative visit where the doctor evaluate personalized intervention which is most appropriate for each particular patient.


YES. The alternative is surgery Presbyopia that allows the person without glasses in 90% of daily situations.

It depends on the age of the patient, the defect prior and have been crystalline.

In our center we offer an informative visit Free Surgery, where Dr. evaluating personalized intervention which is most appropriate for each particular patient.

If you are short, it is common that the patient does not return to use glasses for near vision, but can sometimes be a complement to certain long-term activities such as reading or screen data display.

The patient begins to see up close after 24 hours. However, it is necessary to wait about 3 to 7 days to obtain a frank improvement of near vision.

Generally any patient presenting presbyopia can be operated but it is necessary to evaluate each individual case.

The consultation will be made all the necessary tests that will allow us to assess the suitability of the patient for surgery.

The information on the web if not complement not replace the doctor-patient relationship. If in doubt consult with the referring physician.