Specialties > Rheumatology



Rheumatology is a medical specialty that studies diseases of the musculoskeletal nonsurgical. This specialty converges with the trauma and orthopedic surgery, which focuses on diseases of the musculoskeletal system from a surgical point of view, and physical medicine and rehabilitation, supplementing the treatment of these processes through physical therapy.

Among the diseases that are within the scope of the rheumatologist are degenerative joint disease (osteoarthritis), inflammatory diseases (arthritis and other processes such as systemic lupus erythematosus) and other processes such as osteoporosis, gout or pathology soft tissue tendonitis or bursitis. Fibromyalgia, although it is a complex disease that encompasses different specialties, is also commonly treated by rheumatologist.

Ultrasound muscle - skeletal and local steroid injections are two of the main tools used by the rheumatologist specifically for the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases.

Differences between osteoarthritis and arthritis

Osteoarthritis is a joint disease. Is the result of wear of the articular cartilage, either by age (most common) or external factors (overweight). It is the most common rheumatic disease. It is estimated that up to 70% of the population older than 50 has signs of arthritis in any part of the body spine, knees, hips, hands, etc.. And up to 80% of people over 75 have problems with osteoarthritis in radiographs, although not always produce discomfort, and many of them have no symptoms

Arthritis is the inflammation of the joint and can be a symptom or main symptom of various diseases. Among chronic arthritis, the most common are rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis, affecting between both around 2% of the general population. Generally can appear at any age but the peak incidence is around 50 years.

The treatment of these two diseases is different: arthritis requires specific treatments such as corticosteroids or immunosuppressive therapies such as methotrexate and biological treatments, whereas osteoarthritis requires mainly analgesics and physical therapy treatments.


Although their frequency is increasing as advances in age, it is not uncommon to find people under 50 years with degenerative joint problems, especially when matching aggravating factors such as obesity.

Derivatives of cortisone drugs may be useful in phases of exacerbation of arthritis or certain complications. Be used orally in the case of arthritis or by local (infiltration) in both arthritis and in osteoarthritis. Avoid occur at high doses for a long time. The local steroid injections can be very effective, although sometimes the effect is temporary.

Not. Fibromyalgia is a disease in which many factors affect physical and biological but also psychological and social. Recent studies have shown functional changes in the brain that show that patients perceive pain is real.

Treatments for rheumatic diseases depend on the characteristics of the person suffering from rheumatic disease and specific to be treated. It is important to treat the pain of these problems, but it is vital to treat the source of the pain. Therefore, treatments aimed mainly at basic problem, which does control the pain disappears. Treatments are general measures and medications. General measures include exercise programs, weight control and joint care. The drug treatments include analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, biological and misc. Your doctor will plan treatment rheumatologist went to you and your specific ailment

The information on the web if not complement not replace the doctor-patient relationship. If in doubt consult with the referring physician.